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RUG CLEANING METHODS


TRADITIONAL HAND WASH

This procedure is the most labor intensive. A rigorous vibra vac back and front to dislodge the deeply embedded soil particles, followed with a pre-clean conditioning for protein based spots. After sufficient dwell time with pre-conditioners, a rotary shampoo process is employed to break down bonded oily soils suspending them for extraction. The last steps are a thorough conditioned rinse extraction, this is a low pressure, hi volume rinse wash followed with suction extraction. Ideally the rug is clean of all residues including cleaning detergent residues. Rugs are then transferred to a controlled dry down phase with circulating air currents.

STEAM CLEANING

This process infers "steam", water temperatures above 212 degrees Fahrenheit. The higher the water temperature the more efficient and effective the cleaning will generally be, is the common logical deduction. It is not quite this simple. Efficient in terms of speed and production is indeed true and in certain conditions it is preferred. However, woolen and cotton rugs should not be cleaned with temperatures above 160 degrees Fahrenheit, more than adequate for effective cleaning, yet not damaging to the structure of the woolen fiber. Synthetic rugs, nylon, olefin and polyester are indeed qualified for steam cleaning, yet it might be noted that the weave structure usually will have a jute or cotton weft component. Each rug should be carefully examined before high temperature "steam cleaning" is employed to avoid shrinkage or warping issues.


HOT WATER EXTRACTION

This is simply using the steam cleaning equipment process but controlling the water temperature at set points suitable to the rug construction. It is simply a flush and extract process, relying on detergents to breakup the soils and whisk them away under constant vacuum and flushing.


SHAMPOO

The shampoo process requires a thorough vibra vacuuming, followed by a rotary shampoo scrubbing of the rugs pile. The remaining shampoo detergent and soil residues will coalesce and dry in to a powdered residue that is then vacuumed out of the rugs pile


FOAM CLEANING

A detergent based high density foam that is jetted into the rugs fiber, breaking up soil contaminates, then left to dry and vacuumed away or better, rinse extracted leaving the pile free of detergent residues.


DRY POWDER CLEANING

This process is indeed non-water cleaning but requires a pre-conditioner to be sprayed into the rugs pile. After a dwell time it is followed with a powder that is solvent bearing and mechanically brushed into the rug pile. After 30 minutes dwell time the rug is vacuumed. The process may need to be repeated depending on initial results.


MOR MACHINE CLEANING

A semi-automated electro mechanical washer scrubber is used in this process. The rug is pre-conditioned and fed into the auto scrubber, which injects high volumes of water and detergent under pressure with associated mechanical brushing. The rug is rinsed and placed in to a centrifugal wringer to spin out the excess moisture. The rug is then transferred to a dry room where it is hung with circulating conditioned air for drying.


PIT IMMERSION

A process where by the rug is immersed in a containment pit and allowed to "soak in" thoroughly. Hand scrubbing and power flushing removes all contaminates and bonded soils. The rug is then squeezed with a weighted roller to remove excess moisture and transferred to a centrifuge to spin out remaining moisture, then transferred to a conditioned dry room.